Your gums are made from very tender tissue with blood vessels very close to the surface, therefore, bringing blood to the surface of your gums can happen very easily. Continual or daily recurrences of bleeding in your gums should not be ignored, however, as bleeding gums can be a symptom of several different health issues.
- Improper flossing – Flossing between your teeth is an important part of proper dental hygiene and should not be neglected. Flossing should be done gently along the curve of the tooth and not forced down on the gum to the point that they bleed. Proper flossing on healthy gums should not cause bleeding.
- Improper brushing – Just as with flossing, brushing of your teeth needs to be done regularly, but correctly. Soft bristled brushes should be used with a gentle circular motion rather than harsh scrubbing of the teeth and gums that can damage the soft tissue and cause bleeding.
- Build up of plaque and tartar – Neglecting your brushing and flossing is the worst thing you can do. Bacteria left sitting around your teeth creates plaque; plaque hardens into tartar and all these will endanger the health of your gums. As the healthy gums deteriorate, they become more susceptible to bleeding.
- Gingivitis – This is the beginning stage of gum disease. Gingivitis is demonstrated by inflamed gums that can be tender, swollen and bleed easily. Re-instituting a regular dental hygiene routine can often reverse the damage and restore the gums to health.
- Periodontal disease – When gingivitis is left untreated it can progress into the more serious periodontal disease. The bacteria at this stage is beginning to deteriorate the gums and jaw. It is very likely for your gums to bleed when your dental health is in this deteriorated state and the possibility of loosing teeth to the disease is a real danger.
- Chemotherapy – Individuals that are undergoing chemotherapy for types of cancer sometimes find that these treatments affect their gums and cause them to bleed easily.
- Tobacco – Smoking or chewing tobacco can be extremely damaging to the tissues inside your mouth, particularly your gums. Bleeding gums are not unusual to find in the mouths of tobacco users.
- Hormone levels – The changes in a woman’s hormone levels affect every woman differently. Whether it relates to their menstrual cycle, pregnancy or menopause, their hormones can affect their physical bodies in many different ways. For some women, these hormone changes can cause tenderness and bleeding in their gums.
- Poor denture fit – Dentures that do not fit properly can cause irritation and bleeding of a person’s gums. Proper fitting of dentures is important for gum comfort and health.
- Blood and platelet disorders – There are many different medical disorders that can be very serious health issues that list bleeding gums in their list of potential symptoms. Your first consultation for bleeding gums should be your dentist, but don’t hesitate to mention this symptom to your regular health care provider as well.
Bleeding gums are not a rare occurrence. They can be caused from many different sources that affect the health of your gums, as listed above.